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Yury I. Smirnov

Project Manager - IBMP

Summary

The development of equipment for implementation of space experiments onboard the International Space Station (ISS) involves the search for technical solutions under very tight volume, power and mass constraints and limitations. On the other hand, safety of the crew and the ISS is the primary goal. Therefore, I learnt it well that there are two aspects I must be concerned about in my work: to develop equipment complying with the PI requirements and do not violate safety regulations.

Contacting with scientists and space crews has been a good school to acquire the unique skill to explain to a non-specialist how to perform complex tasks in extreme environment.

Regular support of on-board activities of the crew and post-flight analysis of crew difficulties and comments helps to understand what can be done to improve usability of equipment in microgravity (ground testing and parabolic flights sometimes are not enough) and how to facilitate crew training.

Work History

2011Present

Project Manager

Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP)

Managing contract between IBMP, customers and subcontractors;

Optimization of Equipment development process and Space Experiment preparation and realization;

PR activities (Exhibitions, press);

Development of equipment intended for biomedical experiments and medical control of the ISS's crew:

Documentation development (see list of documents in chapter Skills);

Testing (see list of tests in chapter Skills);

Space crew training;

Crew consulting at the Mission Control Center;

Post-flight analysis.

20072010

System Engineer

Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP)

Development of equipment intended for biomedical experiments onboard the ISS.

Education

20082011

Post-graduate Course

IBMP

Safety in Emergency:

Life Support Systems Development;

Biomedical Aspects of Space Flights.

20052008

Specialist Degree

Moscow Aviation Institute (Technical University)

Manager-Economist.

Specialization: International Business:

Managing contracts;

Logistics;

Customs;

Negotiating;

PR;

Project Management.

20022008

Specialist Degree

Moscow Aviation Institute (Technical University)

Engineer-Electromechanic.

Specialization: Automatic Control Systems of airplanes and rockets.

Skills

Training

Training the ISS crew to perform biomedical investigations.

Standartization

Development of normative documents intended for R&D optimization.

CAD systems

AutoCAD, MathCAD, Creo Parametric

Programming

C++, Delphi

Testing

Mechanical (Vibration, single shocks);

Climatic (Temperature, pressure, humidity);

EMC (Check of conductive interference in primary power circuits, tolerance to conductive interference).

Documentation development

Specifications;

Test procedures;

Test reports;

Operations manuals;

Safety assessment reports.

Personal Qualities

- Ability to study and to teach;

- Self-discipline and firmness of purpose;

- Ability to work under pressure and tight deadlines;

- Good technical and analytic skills;

- Friendliness, sociability, easy to make contact with people of different specializations and qualifications;

- Ability to take responsibility for decisions and actions in critical situations.

Languages

Russian - Native;

English - Professional;

German - Elementary;

Achievements

SPRUT-2 Equipment

R&D: 2007-2011; Utilization: Since 2011;

Description: Equipment is intended to study human body liquid dynamics during long-term space flight;

Responsibility: Documentation development, testing; crew training; space experiment support;

Challenge: Equipment had to be certified per IEC 60601.


AQUARIUM-AQH Equipment

R&D: 2011-2012; Utilization: 2012-2013;

Description: Equipment is intended to deliver fish to the ISS. Equipment was designed in cooperation between IBMP and JAXA;

Responsibility: Documentation development, testing;

Challenge: Equipment contained liquids, highly toxic paraformaldehyde (PFA), specifically. Design of Equipment had to provide three levels of containment to ensure crew safety.


E-NOSE Equipment

R&D: 2010-2012; Utilization: 2012-2013;

Description: Equipment is intended to assess capability of quantification and determination of bacterial and fungal species in the ISS RS environment. Equipment was designed in cooperation between IBMP and Airbus Defense & Space;

Responsibility: Documentation development, testing; crew training; space experiment support;

Challenge: Equipment contains a sensors chamber with operating temperature up to 500 C degrees. Crew safety had to be ensured.


VIRTUAL-1 Equipment

R&D: 2012-2013; Utilization: 2013-2015;

Description: Equipment is intended for human vestibular-ocular function investigation using VOG (videooculography) method;

Responsibility: Documentation development, testing; crew training; space experiment support;

Challenge: Onboard the ISS a new training process was implemented : At the ISS a new crewmember was trained by the one who had performed the experiment earlier.


Software for toxicological monitoring of space vehicles

R&D: 2008-2009; Utilization: Since 2009;

Description: Software intended to assess the rate of non-metallic materials off-gassing after autonomous flight of a transport vehicle (module). Software contains a transport vehicle (module) pre-flight off-gassing database and estimates levels of hazard chemical contaminants in space vehicle atmosphere;

Responsibility: Development of Software.

Projects (duties) in Progress

E-NOSE (ENUp) Equipment

R&D: 2014-2016; Utilization: Since 2016;

Description: In addition to Equipment described above it was requested to perform measurements behind racks at the ISS. Necessary modifications were done;

Responsibility: Documentation development, testing; crew training; space experiment support;

Challenge: Equipment was modified, but a lot of documents were updated. As a result this option allowed to save money and time.

 

Experiments with a Short-Armed Centrifuge (SAC)

Description: SAC is a perspective countermeasure system for future space exploration missions. It requires a lot of technical resources (volume, mass, energy). Today the main task is to find optimal regimes of training on SAC;

Responsibility: Test procedures development and testing;

Challenge: My goal is to adapt my SPRUT-2 device for liquids shift’s control during rotation. The first runs during the “Luna-2015” experiment gave very interesting results, which will be published soon.

 

IMMUNOLAB Equipment

R&D: Since 2013;

Description: Immunolab Equipment (designed by Airbus Defense & Space) is intended for blood analysis on the ISS. Equipment has a unique liquid mixing subsystem, that can work in microgravity;

Responsibility: Documentation development;

Challenge: Consumables for the experiment contain liquids, that have some toxicity, and must be transported and stored in specific conditions. The main challenge is to organize successful delivery of the consumables to the ISS. It requires coordination between many of organizations and agencies.

 

Technical support of space experiments (SE) on the ISS

Description: Development of equipment for SE is not the one task. To manage all process from delivery to the launch site till post-flight analysis is the main my duty for today;

Responsibility: Logistics (to launch site and from landing site), contracts with customers and subcontractors, procurement of components and materials for equipment to be manufactured, flight documentation preparation, training of the crew, support of SE at the ISS, post-flight analysis of SE activities with the crew;

Challenge: The main challenge is to organize successful cooperation between all organizations involved into SE. In addition, every crewmember is unique character. Whether SE will be a success depends on my ability to use a proper language to inspire him to do utmost to this purpose.

List of Publications

1 “Device for Noninvasive Determination of Human Body Composition under Spaceflight Conditions”, V. B. Noskov, D. V. Nikolaev, A. V. Smirnov, S. A. Tuikin, Yu. I. Smirnov

2 “Study of Initial Colonization by Environmental Microorganisms in the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (ISS)”, Ulrich Reidt, Andreas Helwig, Lutz Plobner, Veronika Lugmayr, Ulrich Treutlein, Sergey Kharin, Yuri Smirnov, Natalia Novikova, Joachim Lenic, Viktor Fetter, Thomas Hummel

3 “The role of vestibular and support-tactile-proprioceptive inputs in visual-manual tracking”, Kornilova, Ludmila; Naumov, Ivan; Glukhikh, Dmitriy; Khabarova, Ekaterina; Pavlova, Aleksandra; Ekimovskiy, Georgiy; Sagalovitch, Viktor; Smirnov, Yuriy; Kozlovskaya, Inesa