Development economist Philip H. Brown focuses on studies of poverty and poverty alleviation. Brown has worked and lived in several developing countries, including Chile, China, and various nations in Central America and Africa. His research interests include gender, education, health, and the environment.Philip Brown has served as a Principal Investigator on a number of large-scale field research projects, including a study of the effects of dams on the socioeconomic, geopolitical, and biophysical aspects of life in western China. This study, which ran from 2008 to 2011, was funded by The National Science Foundation. From 2006 to 2007, Brown surveyed 1,500 households in rural China in order to assess the impact of China’s New Rural Cooperative Medical System, in a study funded by the Ford Foundation. Brown has also completed several other development-related surveys in rural China over the past decade.On account of his specialized expertise, Philip H. Brown has been asked to speak at numerous economics conferences. He regularly presents his work at the annual conferences of the American Economics Association and the Chinese Economists Society. He is also a regular participant of the Northeast Universities Development Conference, the Pacific Development Conference, the Midwest International Development Conference, meetings of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, and other conferences that focus on economic development and population.A member of The American Economic Association, Asian Population Association, Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management, and several other professional organizations, Phil Brown was a professor at Colby College until 2011. Brown received his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan in 2003, following a Master of Arts in Economics from the same institution and a Master of International and Intercultural Management from the School for International Training in 1996.
Health and AgingBrown, Phil and Thomas Huff. 2011. "Willingness to Pay in China's New Cooperative Medical System." Contemporary Economic Policy 29(1): 88-100.Wong, Po Yin and Phil Brown. 2011. "Natural Disasters and Vulnerability: Evidence from the 1997 Forest Fires in Indonesia." Forthcoming, BE Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.Brown, Phil, Alan de Brauw, and Yang Du. 2009. "The New Cooperative Medical System: Does it Help Farmers with Health Shocks Maintain Living Standards?" Labor Economics 4(1): 1-22.Brown, Phil and Caroline Theoharides. 2009. "Health Seeking Behavior and Hospital Choice in China's New Cooperative Medical System." Health Economics 18: S47-S64.Brown, Phil, Alan de Brauw, and Yang Du. 2009. "Understanding Variation in the Design of the New Cooperative Medical System." The China Quarterly 198: 304-329. VulnerabilityBrown, Phil, Erwin Bulte, and Xiaobo Zhang. 2011. "Positional Spending and Status Seeking in Rural China." Forthcoming, Journal of Development Economics.Brown, Phil 2009. "Dowry and Intrahousehold Bargaining." Journal of Human Resources 44(1): 25-46. Brown, Phil and Brian Tierney. 2009. "Religion and Subjective Well-Being Among the Elderly in China." Journal of Socio-Economics 38: 310-319.Poverty and InequalityAgostini, Claudio, Phil Brown, and Xiaobo Zhang. "Neighbor Effects in the Provision of Public Goods in a Young Democracy." International Fool Policy Research Institute Working Paper No. 1027.Agostini, Claudio A. and Phil Brown. 2010. "Cash Transfers and Poverty Reduction in Chile." Forthcoming, Journal of Regional Science.Agostini, Claudio A. and Phil Brown. 2010. "Inequality at Low Levels of Aggregation in Chile." Review of Development Economics 14(2): 213-226.Agostini, Claudio A. and Phil Brown. 2010. "Local Distributional Effects of Government Cash Transfers in Chile." Review of Income and Wealth 56(2): 366-388.Agostini, Claudio A., Phil Brown, and Diana Paola Góngora. 2010. "Public Finance, Governance, and Cash Transfers in Alleviating Poverty and Inequality." Public Budgeting and Finance 30(2): 1-23.Agostini, Claudio A., Phil Brown, and Andrei Roman. 2010. "Estimating Poverty for Indigenous Groups by Matching Census and Survey Data." Latin American Journal of Economics 47: 125-150.Agostini, Claudio A., Phil Brown, and Andrei Roman. 2010. "Poverty and Inequality among Ethnic Groups in Chile." World Development 38(7): 1036-1046.Agostini, Claudio A., Phil Brown, and Diana Paola Góngora. 2008. "Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Chile." Estudios de Economía 25(1): 79-110. Agostini, Claudio A. and Phil Brown. 2007. "Spatial Aspects of Inequality in Chile." Revista de Análisis Económico 22(1) 3-33. EducationBrown, Phil and Nicholas Van Niel. "Relative Class Rankings Using z-Scores." Forthcoming, Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education.Brown, Phil 2006. "Parental Education and Investment in Children's Human Capital." Economic Development and Cultural Change 54(4): 759-790.Brown, Phil 2005. "Do Human Capital Investments Help to Explain the Relationship Between Parental Education and Child Learning?" Labor Economics 2(2): 60-75.Brown, Phil 2004. "On the Relationship Between Parental Education and Investments in Children's Human Capital." Labor Economics 1(2): 25-45.Brown, Phil and Albert Park. 2002. "Education and Poverty in Rural China." Economics of Education Review 21, 523-541.Brown, Phil 2002. "Parental Investment in Children's Human Capital in Rural China." China Education Forum 3(1): 6-10.Environmental EconomicsBrown, Phil and Yilin Xu. 2010. "Hydropower Development and Resettlement Policy on China's Nu River." The Journal of Contemporary China 19(66): 777-797.Tullos, Desiree, Phil Brown, Kelly Kibler, Darrin Magee, Bryan Tilt, and Aaron Wolf. 2010. "Perspectives on the Salience and Magnitude of Dam Impacts for Hydrodevelopment Scenarios." Water Alternatives 3(2): 71-90.Brown, Phil, Desiree Tullos, Bryan Tilt, Darrin Magee, and Aaron Wolf. 2009. "Modeling the Costs and Benefits of Dam Construction from a Multidisciplinary Perspective." Journal of Environmental Management 90: S303-S311.Kondolf, G. Matthias, Kristen McDonald, Desiree Tullos, Travis Winn, Phil Brown, Mike Gheleta, Paul Pedone, and Robert Wilkinson. 2009. "One Reservoir, Eight Steps: Assessing Cumulative Effects of Multiple Hydroelectric Dams on the Jinsha River." University of California, Berkeley, Working Paper and Under review.Brown, Phil, Darrin Magee, and Yilin Xu. 2008. "Socioeconomic Vulnerability in China's Hydropower Development." China Economic Review 19(4): 614-627.Humanitarian CrisesBrown, Phil and Po Yin Wong. 2009. "Does the Type of News Coverage Influence Donations to Disaster Relief?" Journal of Disaster Research 4(6): 499-505.Brown, Phil and Jessica H. Minty. 2008. "Media Coverage and Charitable Giving After the 2004 Tsunami." Southern Economic Journal 75(1): 9-25. Brown, Phil. 1994. "The 'Good Life' on the Rwandan Border," World View, 7(1): 1-3.
Help Age Zimbabwe, by Philip H. Brown
Founded in 1989, Help Age Zimbabwe (HAZ) is a nonprofit organization that works to alleviate poverty, malnutrition, chronic illness, and other issues affecting the elderly population in Zimbabwe, such as the HIV/AIDS pandemic. HAZ selects communities that have the worst poverty and the greatest vulnerability. The agency’s long-term goal is to make the elders of each community self-sufficient. HAZ also provides housing for the elderly through the Melfort Farm Project. Persons displaced by war and chronic illnesses make up the bulk of the Melfort population. Many of the community’s residents grow vegetables or raise rabbits, goats, and poultry in an effort to maintain food security. The Melfort Farm Project is an innovative program that works to create sustainable recovery for displaced persons. The organization relies on donations by individuals. Those interested in contributing can do so by visiting www.HelpAgeZim.org .About the Author: Philip H. Brown is a development economist whose main research areas include health, education, poverty, and inequity. His work has appeared in The New York Times, TIME Magazine, and on NPR’S All Things Considered.
Development economist Philip H. Brown has worked as an associate professor of economics at Colby College in Waterville, Maine. In addition to his professorial duties, Philip H. Brown has completed notable work with charitable organizations in Rwanda and Zimbabwe, including a consulting position with the HelpAge Zimbabwe organization in 1995. Established in 1989, HelpAge Zimbabwe is dedicated to improving the standard of life for elderly individuals within Zimbabwe. Regardless of gender, religion, or race, HelpAge Zimbabwe provides necessary programs that assist elderly residents in areas of health care and social safety. In addition, HelpAge Zimbabwe has expanded its scope to include working with organizations that promote human rights and HIV/AIDS education. The core mission of the organization and its ongoing projects is to aid the elderly residents of the area in living completely self-sufficient lives. Many of these projects involve initiatives that provide access to clean water, as well as providing supplies and support for establishments that house elderly citizens who may need additional forms of assistance. To learn more about the ongoing projects supported by HelpAge Zimbabwe or to learn how to donate to the organization, visit www.helpagezim.org.
Dr. Philip H. Brown is a developmental economist who has experience managing complex projects, leading research teams, and consulting on economic policy. Philip H. Brown is a member of several professional economics organizations, including the Chinese Economists Society and the American Economic Association. Founded in 1885, the American Economic Association (AEA) promotes the advancement of economic research and discussion through events, programs, and publications. The AEA publishes seven journals, including the American Economic Review, the Journal of Economic Literature, the Journal of Economic Perspectives, and four new journals initiated in 2009 that focus on different areas of study within the larger field: Applied Economics, Economic Policy, Macroeconomics, and Microeconomics. With the first of its journal issues published in 1911, the AEA has provided a forum for economists to share their research and knowledge for more than 100 years. Its journals also continue to serve as useful resources for students, business professionals, and anyone else interested in the field of economics.
A development economist with nearly a decade of professional experience, Philip H. Brown has researched and developed strategies against extreme poverty in locations such as Central America, East Africa, and China. In 2011, he coauthored the paper “Natural Disasters and Vulnerability: Evidence from the 1997 Forest Fires in Indonesia” (B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 11(1): article 66). The paper details results from one of a relatively few number of studies to examine natural disasters and their relationship to poverty and vulnerability. The researchers examined household food and total consumption data from a large-scale Indonesian forest fire. Using a utility model to compile data, the authors found that total consumption was influenced by specific households’ smoke exposure to the fire. In the food consumption arena, the households with high exposure exhibited no more vulnerability than those with less exposure. Mr. Brown’s full range of economics-related papers can be accessed online at philbrown.me.
Development economist Philip H. Brown, Ph.D, is well acquainted with Chile. In the last several years, Dr. Philip H. Brown’s efforts to research poverty, inequality, and vulnerability in developing countries have focused on Chile, resulting in the publication of the economist’s work in the Latin American Journal of Economics, the Journal of Regional Science, and the Review of Income and Wealth. In terms of economics, Chile can appear to be a study in contrasts. For example: - Chile is considered to be the country with the greatest economic freedom in the South and Central America/Caribbean region by the Heritage Foundation, and it has the highest per capita GDP in Latin America and the Caribbean. - Of the 34 countries belonging to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Chile has the highest rate of economic inequality - Araucania, one of Chile's 15 regions and home to the country's largest indigenous minority group, has a poverty rate of 23 percent. This is more than 10 percentage points higher than the national average. - One of Chile's main economic drivers - its copper mining industry, which produces one-third of the world's copper - is not infallible. High miner salary demands, aging mines, and poorer ores are current, real threats to the industry.
Formed in 1988 and registered in 1989, HelpAge Zimbabwe is an organization that assists elderly people in Zimbabwe deal with economic development. Existing fully on fundraising efforts through direct mail, letters of appeal, and cash boxes, HelpAge Zimbabwe promotes, supports, and upholds the quality of life of older people in this African country. It also relies on help from individuals, and economist Philip H. Brown served as a consultant for the organization in 1995. HelpAge Zimbabwe sponsors numerous projects, including gardening activities that aid the communities of Matopo and Kambuzi. This completed project helped to improve nutrition habits as well as strengthen these communities, which have been affected by HIV/AIDS. The produce went to the critically ill. Surplus produce was sold to provide funds for orphans and nearby children at risk. Based in Washington, D.C., Dr. Philip H. Brown works as a development economist. He studies poverty and helps those who are less fortunate. He also worked as associate professor of economics at Maine-based Colby College, where he taught courses in economic development, the Chinese economy, and econometrics.
Created in 1933 on behalf of Albert Einstein, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) helps countries involved in humanitarian crises and assists citizens in rebuilding their lives and homes. It provides lifesaving care and assistance to people in exile forced to flee their countries due to disasters or war. In 1994, the IRC organized emergency programs in Tanzania for refugees fleeing genocide and civil war occurring in Rwanda. Dr. Philip H. Brown, an economist and educator, worked as a camp manager for the IRC in Tanzania during the Rwanda Civil War in 1994. The IRC works across the globe, including Africa, where it helps almost 20 countries. Since the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, the IRC has continued to support people in the country by protecting children and women through community-based health care as well as promoting democracy and economic development. It also helps refugees in Tanzania by providing emergency aid and temporary camps while these people determine their next course of action. Economist Philip H. Brown writes about challenging social issues pertaining to economic development. Dr. Brown’s articles have been published in such media outlets as Time Magazine and The New York Times. He is a former co-editor of the China Economic Review.