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Work experience


My Publications

Peer-Reviewed Articles:

1. Tsung-Chien Lu, Ying-Ta Chen, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Chih-Hao Lin, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Zui-Shen Yen, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Shyr-Chyr Chen, Wen-Jone Chen, Fang-Yue Lin. The Demand for Prehospital Advanced Life Support and the Appropriateness of Dispatch in Taipei. Resuscitation 2006;71:171-9.

2. Tsung-Chien Lu, Chu-Lin Tsai, Chien-Chang Lee, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Zui-Shen Yen, Ang Yuan, Shyr-Chyr Chen, Wen-Jone Chen. Preventable Deaths in Patients Admitted from Emergency Department. Emerg Med J. 2006;23:452-5.

3. Tsung-Chien Lu, Pei-Lun Chu, Chi-Shin Wu, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Wen-Jone Chen. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome after the Use of Venlafaxine in a Patient with Generalized Anxiety Disorder. J Formos Med Assoc. 2006;105:90-3.

4. Tsung-Chien Lu, Shey-Ying Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang, Chien-Chang Lee, Shyr-Chyr Chen. Tension Pneumoperitoneum Following Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. J Formos Med Assoc. 2006;105:431-3.

5. Tsung-Chien Lu, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Shyr-Chyr Chen. Delayed Orbital Emphysema as the Manifestation of Isolated Medial Orbital Wall Fracture. J Emerg Med. 2006;31:223-4.

6. Chung-Liang Shih, Tsung-Chien Lu, Jih-Shuin Jerng, Chung-Chin Lin, Yueh-Ping Liu, Wen-Jone Chen, Fang-Yue Lin. A web-based Utstein Style Registry System of In-hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Taiwan. Resuscitation 2007;72:394-403.

7. Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Tsung-Chien Lu, Josh Chian-Shuin Ng, Chih-Hao Lin, Wen-Chu Chiang, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Chien-Hua Huang, Kuang-Hua Hsiung, Shyr-Chyr Chen, Wen-Jone Chen. Evaluation of emergency medical dispatch in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Taipei. Resuscitation 2007;73:236-45.

8. Chu-Lin Tsai, Tsung-Chien Lu, Wen-Jone Chen. Spontaneous retroperitoneal bleeding in a patient with Evans syndrome. Ann Hematol. 2004;83:789-90.

9. Chu-Lin Tsai, Tsung-Chien Lu, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Wen-Jone Chen. Hemoptysis caused by Hughes-Stovin syndrome. Am J Emerg Med. 2005;23:209-11.

10. Lin YH, Ko PC, Wang HY, Lu TC, Chen YY, Jan IC, Jan GJ, Chou NK. Estimation of beat-to-beat systolic blood pressure using pulse arrive time and pulse width derived from the photoplethysmogram. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004;5:3456-8.

11. Patrick Chow-In Ko, Wen-Jone Chen, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Wen-Chu Chiang, Chan-Ping Su, Chien-Hua Huang, Tsung-Chien Lu, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Fang-Yue Lin. Emergency medical services utilization during an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the incidence of SARS-associated coronavirus infection among emergency medical technicians. Acad Emerg Med. 2004;11:903-11.

12. Patrick Chow-In Ko, Chih-Hao Lin, Tsung-Chien Lu, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Wen-Jone Chen, Fang-Yue Lin. Machine and operator performance analysis of automated external defibrillator utilization. J Formos Med Assoc. 2005;104:476-81.

13. Lee CC, Lee SH, Chang IJ, Lu TC, Yuan A, Chang TA, Tsai KC, Chen WJ. Spontaneous pneumothorax associated with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatology. 2005;44:1538-41.

14. Lee CC, Chen SY, Tsai PC, Lu TC, Wu PL, Chen WJ, Huang LM, Chang SC. Seroprevalence of SARS Coronavirus Antibody in Household Contacts. Epidermiol and Infect. 2005;133:1119-22.

15. Ming-Ju Hsieh, Tsung-Chien Lu*(Correspondence), Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Hsiu-Po Wang, Shyr-Chyr Chen. Unrecognized Cervical Spinal Epidural Abscess Associated with Metastatic Klebsiella pneumonia Bacteremia and Liver Abscess in Non-diabetic Patients. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009;65:65-8.

16. Ming-Ju Hsieh, Tsung-Chien Lu*(Correspondence), Shey-Ying Chen, Shyr-Chyr Chen. Pneumoretroperitoneum as the Manifestation of Rectal Perforation. J Emerg Med. 2011;41:536-7.

17.Chiang TL, Deng YW, Lu TC, Lin CS. Autonomic dysfunction as an unusual initial presentation of generalised tetanus. Hong Kong J Emerg Med. 2014;21:392-395.

18. Wang CH, Huang CH, Chang WT, Tsai MS, Lu TC, Yu PH, Wang AY, Chen NC, Chen WJ.  Association between early arterial blood gas tensions and neurological outcome in adult patients following in-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2015;89:1-7.

19. Lu TC, Fu CM, Ma MH, Fang CC, Turner AM. Healthcare Applications of Smart Watches. A Systematic Review. Appl Clin Inform. 2016;7:850-69.

20. Pei-Chuan Huang E, Chiang WC, Hsieh MJ, Wang HC, Yang CW, Lu TC, Wang CH, Chong KM, Lin CH, Kuo CW, Sun JT, Lin JJ, Yang MC, Huei-Ming Ma M. Public knowledge, attitudes and willingness regarding bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A nationwide survey in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc. 2019;118:572-581.

21. Lu TC, Chen Y, Ho TW, Chang YT, Lee YT, Wang YS, Chen YP, Fu CM, Chiang WC, Huei-Ming Ma M, Fang CC, Lai F, Turner AM. A Novel Depth Estimation Algorithm of Chest Compression for Feedback of High-Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Based on a Smartwatch. J Biomed Inform. 2018;87:60-65.

22. Lu TC, Chang YT, Ho TW, Chen Y, Lee YT, Wang YS, Chen YP, Tsai CL, Ma MH, Fang CC, Lai F, Meischke HW, Turner AM. Using a Smartwatch with Real-Time Feedback Improves the Delivery of High-Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation by Healthcare Professionals. Resuscitation. 2019;140:16-22.

23. Tsung-Chien Lu, Yi Chen , Yao-Ting Chang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Cheng-Chung Fang, Anne M. Turner. Reply to: Potential pros and cons of the real-time feedback mechanism embedded in smartwatches. Resuscitation. Article in press.

Conference Papers (Oral):

1. Lu TC, Ko PC, Lin CH, Ma MH. Vital Signs Monitoring System Based on PDA and WLAN Technology Improves Emergency Patient Transport. 10th International Conference of Emergency Medicine (ICEM 2004), Cairns, Australia, June 2004

2. Lu TC. A Web-based Registry System on In-hospital Resuscitation Using Utstein Style in Taiwan. ERC2006, the 8th Congress of the European Resuscitation Council, Stavanger, Norway, May 11, 2006

3. Lu TC. Preventable Deaths in Patients Admitted from Emergency Department. Annual Winter Symposium, Taiwan Society of Emergency Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, Dec 17, 2005

4. Lu TC, Chen SY, Ma M; Fang CC; Chen SC, Li YC. Artificial Neural Networks in Diagnosing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome from Febrile Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department.25th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) 2008, Wellington, New Zealand, November 27, 2008

5. Lu TC, Abernethy N. Using Cross-Correlation Networks to Identify and Visualize Patterns in Disease Transmission. Annual Conference 2010 of International Society for Disease Surveillance (ISDS). Park City, Utah, December 2, 2010

6. Lu TC. Decision Tree Learning in Predicting In-hospital Cardiac Arrest in the Emergency Department . The ERC (European Resuscitation Council) Congress, Resuscitation 2019, Ljubljana, Slovenia, Sep 21, 2019

Conference Papers (Poster):

1. Lu TC, Tsai KC, Chen SC, Chen WJ. Unusual Case of Neuroleptic malignant Syndrome after Venlafaxine in a Depressive Patient. Annual Symposium, Taiwan Society of Emergency Medicine, 2003

2. Ko PC, Lu TC, Lin CH, Chiang WC, Su CP, Ma HM. Emergency Medical Services utilization during an outbreak of SARS and the incidence of SARS-associated coronavirus infection among Emergency Medical Technicians. 10th International Conference of Emergency Medicine (ICEM 2004), Australia, Cairns, June 2004.

3. Shih CL, Lu TC, Lin CC, Lin FY. A web-based registry system on in-hospital resuscitation using Utstein style in Taiwan. International Society for Quality in Health Care, London 2006 Conference, October, 2006

4. Lee CC, Tsai MS, Lu TC, Chen WJ. Predictors of 90-day survival in patients successfully resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. ERC2006, the 8th Congress of the European Resuscitation Council, Stavanger, Norway, May 11, 2006.

5. Shih CL, Lu TC, Lin CC, Lin FY. A Web-based Registry System on In-Hospital Resuscitation Using Utstein Style in Taiwan. The 8th National Patient Safety Foundation Patient Safety Congress, May 10-12, 2006.

6. Lu TC, Shih CL, Ma M, Chen SC, Li YC, Lai F. Machine Learning Approaches in Predicting Survival from a Web-based Registry of In-Hospital Resuscitation: Implication for Reassessing Utstein Style Prognostic Determinants. American Heart Association Resuscitation Science Symposium (ReSS2008), New Orleans, USA, November 9, 2008. (Circulation. 2008;118:S_1480.)

7.Lu TC . Decision Tree Learning to Identify Patients in Need of Prehospital Advanced Life Support Based on Emergency Medical Dispatch Codes and Emergency Run Sheets. 15th International Conference of Emergency Medicine (ICEM 2014), HongKong, June 2014.

8. Lu TC . Association Between Socioeconomic Status of Neighborhoods and the Provision of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. American Heart Association (AHA 2016), ReSS Poster Session, New Orleans, Louisiana, Nov 12-14, 2016.

9. Lu TC. A Novel Chest Compression Depth Estimation Algorithm Based on a Smartwatch for High-Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. American Heart Association (AHA 2017), ReSS Poster Session, Anaheim, California, Nov 11–13, 2017.

10. Lu TC. Development and Validation of a Triage Tool in Predicting Cardiac Arrest in the Emergency Department. American Heart Association (AHA 2017), ReSS Poster Session, Anaheim, California, Nov 11–13, 2017. (Young Investigator Award)

11. Tsung-Chien Lu, Yao-Ting Chang, Te-Wei Ho, Yi Chen, Yi-Ting Lee, Yu-Siang Wang, Yen-Pin Chen, Chu-Lin Tsai, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Cheng-Chung Fang, Feipei Lai, Anne M. Turner. Using a Smartwatch with Real-Time Feedback Instructions Improves the Delivery of High-Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. European Resuscitation Council (ERC) congress, Resuscitation 2018, Bologna, Italy, September 22, 2018.


1. Prognostication in Patients from In-Hospital Resuscitation. National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan, 2008. Master of Science Thesis. Advisor: Yu-Chuan (Jack) Li.

2. Cross-Correlation Networks to Identify and Visualize Disease Transmission Patterns. University of Washington, Seattle, USA, 2011. Master of Science Thesis. Advisor: Neil Abernethy.

3. Using Smart Watches to Facilitate High Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Patients with Cardiac Arrest.  University of Washington, Seattle, USA, 2019. PhD Dissertation. Advisor:  Anne M. Turner.

My Teaching Philosophies


I love self-learning. Ever since I was a junior high school student, I started to learn by myself without the instruction of teachers. I seldom listened to what the teachers said while the lectures were being delivered by the way I didn’t like. Sometimes I would just escape from the classes and hide into the library to study by myself. I retained this kind of learning style even when I was a senior high and medical school student, and that ended up prove to be an effective way of learning style for me in terms of my final outcome. Although I would choose not to participate in those teaching activity when they was judged to be not worthwhile to do so, that didn’t necessarily mean that I never had a chance to meet “good teachers” who was good in teaching. Just because there are good teachers throughout my whole learning life, I can easily decide who will be the one I wish to follow. Because the quality of teaching is a crucial factor in promoting effective learning in schools, it is of paramount importance to identify key elements of what makes a good teacher as part of my teaching philosophies.

What Makes a Good Teacher?

Being honest and humble

Most teachers prefer to maintain authority in the classroom. Although it is a necessary strategy when you are teaching teenagers how to behave well and obey the school regulations, it is difficult when students are bright, demanding, critical, and challenging, especially when teaching undergraduate or graduate level students. A good teacher will just tell the student “I don’t know, but…” in stead of talking nonsense and giving the students wrong direction of understanding.

Coaching and Mentoring

In stead of being an instructor who aims at disseminating knowledge, good teachers are those who use coaching to help student build skills to acquire knowledge and mentoring to shape students attitudes while acquiring knowledge. Coaching focuses on how we challenge, inspire, support, advise and witness students’ own development while mentoring is a lifelong relationship in which a mentor helps a student reach her or his given potential.

Giving negative feedback

Positive feedback is easier to deliver and it’s comfortable, enjoyable and socially endorsing to see it have such pleasant effects on students. However, you do no service to students by giving false positive feedback. Tell students about their strengths as well as weaknesses. Go into as much detail about the strengths of their work as you can. Only then, move on to showing them how they could do better. Especially important, don’t condescend to students. Be honest with them while always acknowledging your subjectivity. Develop a good enough rapport with them so that a good teacher can say straight and tough things like: ‘I think this could have been much better,’ without them feeling this is the end of the world.

Making learning more fun

Too often we experienced dry, monotone, purely didactic and often uninspiring learning contexts when we were students. Making learning fun creates a love of the subject among students that may otherwise be very difficult to achieve. By building up a repertoire of interactions, techniques, tricks and interventions, a good teacher can help students really participate with motivation and excitement in the classes, lectures, or seminars.

Being creative

Helping students to speak with their own voices, to start with their own understanding and perspective on issues that you are teaching, to express themselves without fear of censure or inappropriateness, may be a good starting point to facilitate their creative engagement with topics, material, ideas, problems and knowledge in your subject areas. Being a creative teacher sometimes requires being prepared to live within the sometimes extreme paradoxes of creative action, in order to bring learning environments alive both for ourselves and for our students.

My Goals as a Teacher

Although I spent most of my preceding life time as a learner, I have opportunity to be an adjunct lecturer teaching Emergency Medicine in a University-affiliated Hospital that I am currently working on. Since I got a Master Degree in Biomedical Informatics (BMI) and I am also a student pursuing my PhD degree in Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI) Program at University of Washington, I might have opportunity teaching BMI or BHI as my long term career goal in academia.

Teaching is a process of helping students become self-sufficient, competent, and confident learners. The student will ultimately leave the school (the protective environment) to enter society as, hopefully, a contributing entity. The role as a teacher involves two major responsibilities: 1).Creating an environment conducive to effective learning; 2).To be an facilitator that help students to gain the ability to ‘teach one’s self’ and effectively collaborate with others, in order to manage and process the problems and issues that are presented during life. I believe this is necessary to keep students both physically and mentally competent as part of the human society.

As a teacher, my goal is to share this process, focusing on subject matter in my area of expertise, using currently available teaching technologies. I endeavored to construct my personal teaching model by using my past professional experience working in this field, often incorporating my current projects and research as they are presented to me, and continuously seek new methods of processing and presentation to the students. I treat students as my life-long learning partners and collaborate with them to find interests of their own. I hope student will experience a practical approach to the self-learning process and gaining new insight relevant to their field based on individual student needs.


I am an Emergency Physician working in National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH), which is a 2400-bed university-affiliated tertiary teaching hospital serving approximately 2000 inpatients, 7000 outpatients, and 300 emergency visits daily. As an Attending Physician at academic medical center, I am responsible for caring those patients who suffered from acute illness or trauma presented to the Emergency Department. I also oversee the practice of residents and interns rotating at my department during routine shift duties. In additional to clinical practice, I am also an Adjunct Lecturer teaching Emergency Medicine in National Taiwan University (NTU) College of Medicine. Besides, I am a PhD student at University of Washington, majoring in Biomedical and Health Informatics. My research interest lies in the vast field of Emergency Medicine and Biomedical Informatics.

• Resuscitation and Critical Care Medicine that focus on finding prognostic determinants affecting patient's outcome following resuscitation for in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.

• Emergency Medical Services and Prehospital Medicine.

• Machine Learning approaches to Medical Decision Making.

• Electronic Medical Record and Computerized Physician Order Entry.

• Public Health Informatics and Syndromic Surveillance System.

Profesional Experiences

Academic Memberships

2000-present: Taiwan Society of Emergency Medicine

2004-present: Society of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Taiwan

2010-present: International Society for Disease Surveillance (ISDS)

Clinical Appointments

2006/3-2007/4: Attending Physician (secondment), Coordinator and Secretary on Trauma Team, Course Director on Post-Graduate Year General Medicine Training, Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Yun-Lin Branch

2007/2-present: Adjunct lecturer, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taiwan

2007/7-2008/6: Course Director, Internship on Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital

2011-present: Consultant, Emergency Medical Advisory Committee, Hsinchu city, Taiwan 

2011-present: Consultant, Medical Advisory Committee, Hsinchu Country, Taiwan

2011/10-2014/6: Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsinchu Branch

Teaching Responsibilities

2005-present Lecturer, Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taiwan

2005-2009 Lecturer, National Disaster Medical Assistance Team, Taipei Region

2005-2006 Lecturer, Trauma Resuscitation and CPR, Health Center, National Taiwan University, Taiwan

2005-2006 Lecturer, EMT-p Training Course, Taipei City

2005-2006 Lecturer, CPR Training Course, Taipei County Fire Bureau