PERSONAL DATA Name: Mohammed Yakoob Siyal Address: School of EEE, Block S2, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798. Telephone: (+65) 6790-4464 (Office) (+65) 81862725 (Mobile) Fax: (+65) 6792-0415 (Office) E-mail: [email protected] DOB: 01-June-1961 Nationality: Australian and Pakistani Residence: Singapore Permanent Residence Gender: Male Marital Status: Married EDUCATION B.Eng Computer Engineering Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan, 1985. A Grade. M.Sc Computer Engineering UMIST, Manchester, England, 1988 PhD Computer Engineering UMIST, Manchester, England, 1991 MBA Information Technology SEMS, Surrey University, England, 2000 PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP Member of Pakistan Engineering Council MPEC Member of IET, UK MIET Chartered Engineer, UK CEng Member of British Engineering Council, UK MBEC Senior Member of IEEE, USA SrMIEEE EMPLOYMENT HISTORY October 1985 -April 1986 Lecturer, Mehran University, Pakistan October 1987 - Dec. 1990 Demonstrator, UMIST, England, UK. February 1991 - Jan. 1993 EUROCHIP/ECAD Officer, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, England, UK 20 January 1993 Dec. 1998 Lecturer in Information Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. January 1999 - to Dec. 1999 Assistant Professor in Information Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. January 2000 - to -date Tenured Associate Professor in Information Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. January 2002- 2004 Part-time Professor, Singapore Institute of Management, for Open University Program of UK. JOB DESCRIPTION (a) LECTURING: I have been teaching multidisciplinary courses both at postgraduate and undergraduate level. The post involved curriculum development, preparation and delivery of lectures. I have taught the following courses and will be happy to teach undergraduate and postgraduate courses related to Electrical and electronic engineering, computer engineering and IT related areas. (i) MICROPROCESSORS: The course covers various topics on 8/16/32/64 bit microprocessors. The students are taught how to design microprocessor based systems including software and hardware development stages. Intel Assembly language is also covered in detail. This course also has a two lab experiments and supervision and assessment of a project. (ii) COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE: The course covers advanced CISC and RISC microprocessors, Multiprocessor and parallel processing and various forms of computer architectures. This is core subject, where students are taught advanced topics with design examples. The students are also required to carry a mini project related to computer architecture area. (iii) SOFTWARE ENGINEERING: The objective of this course is to provide students with an understanding of the essential software engineering body of knowledge. The topics include: Introduction to software engineering. Software project management, Software requirements and specifications, Software design, Software testing and maintenance. (iv) DATA STRUCTURES AND COMPUTER ALGORITHMS: This course aims to give an introduction to data structures and computer algorithms for constructing efficient computer programs. The contents includes: Introduction, Principles of algorithm analysis. Data structures, Searching, Sorting and Algorithm design techniques. (v) DATABASE SYSTEMS: The objective of the subject is to provide a good fundamental understanding of the theories and practices of database systems for various application domains such as business, engineering, and manufacturing. The contents included: Introduction to Database and Data Modeling, Logical Database Design and The Relational Model, The Structured Query Language (SQL), Physical Database Design, Database Administration, Client/Server Database, Data Warehousing. (vi) COMPUTER NETWORKING: The objective of this subject is to provide students with a basic understanding of concepts and protocols used in computer networking, an in-depth knowledge of routing algorithms, congestion and flow control mechanisms, and a strong theoretical and practical foundation to become a competent network professional. The contents include: Computer network architecture and services, Internetworking protocols and routing, Transport protocols, Application services and multimedia networking. (vii) DISTRIBUTED MULTIMEDIA SYSTEM: The course covers the following topics: Media and Media Systems Multimedia Storage, Media Processing, Media Transmission and Delivery, Quality of Service on Distributed Multimedia Systems and Multimedia Applications. (viii) MULTIMEDIA SYSTEMS: The course covers fundamentals of Multimedia Systems. Overview of Digital Image and Video Coding Standards. Overview of Digital Audio Coding Standard. Multimedia Communications. Multimedia Applications. (ix) INTERNET BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY: This course provides students with a basic understanding of the underlying technologies of Internet business, such as World Wide Web, data mining, Internet security, e-commerce and e-business, electronic payment, mobile agent. (x) E-BUSINESS MANAGEMENT: This course covers the Internet & E-Business, e-commerce models and framework, Legal and Ethical Issues and Technology Basics from a Managerial viewpoint. (xi) INFORMATION SECURITY: The course covers topics such as Introduction. Secret / public-key cryptosystems. Secure protocols. Electronic election and digital money. Intrusion detection and database security. (xii) CYBER SECURITY: The objective of this course is to provide students with basic appreciation and understanding of the underlying security issues and implications of the use of various networked systems and electronic devices in the modern cyber-society from a user perspective. Topics to be covered include overview of information systems and devices in a global network environment, threats to information systems and devices, security models, and concepts for secrecy, integrity and availability. (xiii) IT PROJECT MANAGEMENT: The main aim of this course is to give students an appreciation of the importance of a thorough understanding of IT project management techniques, both technical and human. The students learn basic project management knowledge, training, and methodology to plan, execute, and manage IT projects. The topics include, fundamental of IT project managements, project planning, scheduling and management, use of computer software in the management of IT projects. (xiv) IT SECURITY ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT: The objective of this course is to provide students with basic appreciation and understanding of the underlying issues related to administration and management of IT security. Topics include intrusion detection systems, vulnerability analysis, computer forensics, application logging, auditing and data management, risk management, IT security standards, planning and evaluation, ethical and legal issues. (xv) PATTERN RECOGNITION: The course covers topics such as different steps that enable a Pattern Recognition (PR) system to classify an input pattern, Familiarize with the PR terminology such as: segmentation, feature extraction, classification, post processing, training, supervised/unsupervised learning and reinforcement learning, Measure or compute the minimum error rate classification and decision regions for classical density functions, Post process classification of a sequence and classification models. (xvi) ADVANCE TOPICS IN COMPUTER VISION: The topics covered include: introduction to low-level image analysis methods, including image formation, edge detection, feature detection, and image segmentation. Image transformations (e.g., warping, morphing, and mosaics) for image synthesis. Methods for reconstructing three-dimensional scene information using techniques such as depth from stereo, structure from motion, and shape from shading. Motion and video analysis. Three-dimensional object recognition. (xvii) RESEARCH METHODS: In this course, the students learn the skills that are essential to becoming a successful researcher. The topics include research methodology, experimental design, professional ethics and academic integrity, and oral and written presentation techniques. Students will be required to perform a literature survey (on a topic in their own research area), construct a research proposal that includes an experimental design, and write a paper summary in the style of a formal scientific paper. (xviii) TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY: The main aim of this course is to teach the social, economic, and technological environment that the Engineering, Science and other profession operates in and the current issues relevant to them. The course covers evolution of Technology & Society; Ethics, Professionalism, the Environment, Lifelong learning and personal development; Regulation of Professional Engineers; Training of Professional Engineers; Professional Practices and Standards, Sustainability and Sustainable development; Environmental Legislation and Regulation. (xix) DIGITAL LIFE STYLE: The digital gadgets and lifestyle covered in this course include: Home Entertainment Systems, Game Consoles, Digital Audio Players and Systems, Digital Cameras and Video Camcorders, Personal Computers, Mobile Phones and PDA. Upon completion of this course, students shall understand how the latest digital gadgets work and have sufficient expertise on the principles, operations, features and technical specifications of these electronic devices. (b) DEMONSTRATOR My duties included tutorials and demonstration on: (I) Microprocessor based design for B.Sc. students. (II) VLSI Design for M.Sc. students. (III) Software Engineering for second year B.Sc. students. (c ) EUROCHIP/ECAD OFFICER As a Lead Site officer I was responsible for distributing and providing technical support for EUROCHIP software packages, to the Higher Educational Institutions within the U.K, including Universities, Polytechnics and Higher Education Institutions, which use the software for teaching and research purposes. This post also involved organising and running training courses for users for various CAD Software Packages. Technical support was also provided to the user sites for interfaces between the EUROCHIP software packages and the related software. I was also responsible for managing the computing resources of the department, developing useful software utilities, teaching duties for Undergraduate and Postgraduate courses, and providing technical support to academic staff members and postgraduate students. EXTERNAL APPOINTMENT External Assessor: For 10 Full Professorship promotions and 15 Associate Tenure Track positions in various Universities in Pakistan (2004-2007) Visiting Full Professor: At Mehran University, Pakistan, 2004- to-date (spent Dec 2004, April 2006 and Dec 2006, November 2007 at Mehran University, Jamshoro). Examiner: For 5 PhD and 10 M.Sc/M.Eng students at Mehran University, Hamdard University, UET Lahore, LUMS, Pakistan (2004-2007). EXTERBAL SERVICES Reviewer: I am a regular reviewer of IEEE transactions, IET proceedings, Pattern Recognition Letters, Real-time Imaging and other top journals in Image processing, Computer vision, E-commerce, Information Technology and Management and information security areas and various International conferences. In addition I have reviewed numerous papers for top international conferences since 1992. Session Chairman: I have been session chair at numerous international conferences both in Singapore and overseas (Australia, Dubai, USA, Thailand, Pakistan). Advisor: International advisor for Mehran University Research Journal since January 2005. International Advisor for International Journal of Information and Communication Technology since January 2006. Editorial Board Member: International Journal of Computational Engineering and Bioinformatics, Serial Publisher Inc. USA (to be published in middle of 2008). ACADEMIC HONOURS AND AWARDS Overseas Research Studentship Award: I was awarded overseas research studentship by UK government from 1987 1990 for my postgraduate studies based on my research achievements at UMIST, Manchester England. This is an extremely competitive award and only few awards are given each year. I was given this award continuously for 4 years. Research Award: Literati Club Award for Excellence 2003 . This award is annually given by Emerald, UK, which publishes over 100 world's widest range of management, library, information services, engineering, applied science and technology journals. My paper titled A Novel Trust Service Provider for Internet-Based Commerce Applications , published in Internet Research Journal, Emerald, UK, was selected as the most Outstanding Paper in the 2002 Volume . Teaching Award: Best Teacher Award 2004 . This award is annually given by Nanyang Technological University and is based on teaching feedback by students and a selection committee headed by senior management. I was selected best professor from 250 EEE professors. My average teaching feedback for the past 5 years has been 4.6 out of 5 (normal average of most professors in NTU is 3.00). Teaching Award: Teaching Excellence Award 2007 . This is a new award and is given by Nanyang Technological University. The students and academic staff members make nominations and the students and the selection committee selects one professor from the short listed professors as a winner. For year 2007, I was selected the best professor and was awarded S$5000 cash reward as a recognition. Teaching Award: Teaching Excellence Award 2008 . This is my recent teaching award and is unique in a sense that I have won this award continuously for two years. Other Teaching Awards: I have won Best Dressed Professor Award (several times) and Most Interested Professor Award (twice) at NTU. These awards are decided by all students of the school of EEE. COMPLETED POSTGRADUATE (M.ENG/PH.D.) RESEARCH PROJECTS 1. Video and Image Compression Techniques for Multimedia and Video Communication Applications. 2. Performance Evaluation of Multiprocessor systems using Hardware Simulators. 3. A Low-Cost Vision-based system for Real-time Road Traffic Analysis. 4. An intelligent Vision-based system for security and Surveillance System. 5. Design and Performance analysis of Network algorithms for high speed Internet applications. 6. Distributed Object oriented Computing (DOC): Design and development of working prototype. 7. Design and development of TCP/IP and SNA protocol Infrastructure for Network Management and control over the Internet. 8. An Intelligent Vision and Neural-network based System for Car Park Management and Control Applications. 9. A New framework for e-commerce applications. 10. Building trust for B2C commerce over the Internet. 11. The factors influencing the adoption of e-commerce by consumers in Singapore. 12. Investigation of security technologies for e-commerce applications. 13. A New biometric-based digital signature for e-commerce applications. 14. A Multi-modal biometric-based system for e-security. 15. Design and development of image processing system for medical applications. 16. A New FCM system for segmentation of Brain MRI data. 17. A finger-print and Iris recognition based system for secure e-commerce applications. 18. A new segmentation scheme for classification of road vehicles. 19. Innovation and socio-economic factors and their influence in adaptation of e-commerce by consumers. 20. Application of Neural Processing Paradigms in Clustering Countries for Cross-Cultural Management Decisions. 21. A Modified Fuzzy Clustering Algorithm for Segmentation of Multi-channel MRI data. 22. Investigating the synthesis algorithms for area and delay optimization in FPGA design. COMPLETED UNDERGRADUATE PROJECTS 1. An Investigation into biologically supported learning rules for artificial neural networks. 2. Development of user-friendly Image Processing CAD system. 3. Development and implementation of Edge Detection and Mathematical Morphological Algorithms for Dynamic Image Segmentation Operations. 4. Design and development of a window based software package for accounting and financial applications. 5. A low-cost vision based system for real-time traffic monitoring and control. 6. A video image memory for security and surveillance applications. 7. A Multi-Media based CAD Package for Automatic Manufacturing Systems. 8. A Neural-Vision Based System for Road Traffic Applications. 9. Development and Implementation of Face Recognition Algorithms for Security and Surveillance Applications. 10. The investigation of Information Technology infrastructure for Electronic Commerce on the Internet. 11. Development of security technology for B2C applications. 12. A fingerprint based digital signature for e-commerce applications. 13. A fuzzy based system for segmenting medical images to diagnose cancer. 14. A neural Network based system for clustering countries. 15. Investigation of e-security algorithms and strategies for m-commerce. ACADEMIC FUNDED RESEARCH PROJECTS No Title of the Project Duration Completed Funding 1 A RISC based image processing system for real-time applications 2 years 1996 S$ 40K + Fees 2 A Neural Network based system for text recognition. 2 Years 1997 S$50K +Fees 3 A New Frame Work for trusted E-commerce Applications. 2 years 1999 S$60K + Fees 4 An image processing system for medical applications. 2 years 2000 S$80K + Fees 5 A Vision-based system for road traffic management. 2 Years 2001 S$140K + Fees 6 COBRA Event Services: Experiments with Cascaded Channel. 2 Years 2003 S$180K + Fees 7 A FCM based system for automatic segmentation of MRI data containing brain tumour. 3 Years 2005 S$250K + Fees 8 A Biometric based system for secure e-transactions. 3 Years 2005 S$320K + Fees 9 An Automatic system for segmentation of MRI data for breast cancer detection. 3 Years 2006 S$450K + Fees 10 A secure speech system for real-time applications 3 years 2007 S$600K 11 A secure watermarking scheme for buyer-seller identification and copyright protection 3 Years 2007 S$850K CURRENT PHD RESEARCH PROJECTS 1. A Modified FCM algorithm for MRI data Analysis for medical applications. 2. A Novel Method for Adaptive Noise Suppression in Functional MRI Time-series. 3. De-noising functional MRI data Using Anisotropic Spatial Averaging. 4. Design and development of novel technologies for authentication of digital image and video for multimedia applications and copyright management. 5. Design and development of a high performance computer system for real-time road traffic management. CURRENT POST DOC RESEARCH PROJECTS 1. Secure Communication System for military and civilian applications. 2. Novel Biometric Digital Signatures for Internet based Applications. CURRENT MASTER (M.ENG/MSC) RESEARCH PROJECTS 1. Design and development of Bimodal Biometric-based techniques for E-security 2. Image processing algorithms for qualitative and quantitative road traffic analysis. 3. Investigation and implementation of image processing algorithms for medical applications. EXTRA CURRICULUM ACTIVITIES 1. Squash Captain for the School of EEE, NTU. 2. Member of Badminton Team of NTU. 3. Member of Swimming Team of NTU. ADMINISTRATION 1. In charge of EEE Postgraduate Handbook. 2. Director Computer Engineering laboratory. 3. Chair School of EEE Orientation Committee for undergraduate and postgraduate students. 4. Member College of Engineering Orientation program for undergraduate and postgraduate students. 5. Chair School of EEE Outreach program for undergraduate and postgraduate students. 6. Coordinator and member of new degree program called Information Engineering and Media (IEM). 7. Member of admission committee of new degree program called Information Engineering and Media (IEM). 8. Chairman School of EEE productivity Committee. 9. Member of e-commerce strategic research program. 10. Member of professional services strategic program. 11. Member of Academic Curriculum Committee college of Engineering. 12. Chair of ICT minor program for undergraduate and postgraduate students. 13. Program director for MSc. program in Signal processing and multimedia. 14. Member of admission committee for MSc. program in Signal processing and multimedia. 15. Treasure for the IEEE SICICI 95 conference, which was held from 2-8 July 1995, at Shangri-La hotel, Singapore. 16. Tutorial Chair for ICICS 97 which was held in September 1997, Singapore. 17. Secretary of ICICS'99 conference, which was held in December 1999, Singapore. 18. Committee member of International conference on Real-Time Imaging, San Jose California USA, January 2001. 19. Finance Chair for ICICs 2001 conference, which was held in December 2001, Singapore. 20. Committee member of International conference on Real-Time Imaging, San Jose California USA, January 2002. 21. Exhibition chair for ICICS2003 conference, which was held in December 2003, Singapore. 22. Track Chair for ICICS 2005 conference, which was held in Bangkok from 6-9 December, 2005. 23. Chaired two sessions for IEEE IIT2006 conference, which was held in Dubai from 18-21 November 2006. 24. Local Arrangement Co-Chair for ICICS 2007 Conference, which was held in December 2007 in Singapore. 25. Chair for producing publicity video for undergraduate and postgraduate students for outreach and admission programs (2007-2008). 26. Chair school of EEE admission committee. COURSES CONDUCTED FOR INDUSTRY AND INSTITUTES IN SINGAPORE 1. Presented a 5 day course on Microcomputer Interfacing , at NTU, Singapore, 9 - 13, September 95. 2. Conducted a one day workshop on Image processing Techniques for Qualitative and Quantitative Road traffic Analysis at NTU, Singapore, 1996. 3. Conducted one-week short course on "Information Technology for the 21st century" for IT Industry, Singapore, August 1998. 4. Conducted several one day courses/workshops on IT in the 21st century for secondary schools, junior colleges, and IT Industry in Singapore from 1999 2005. 5. Presented a seminar on e-commerce trust , in NTU, on 5th of January 2000, which was attended by over 500 academics, industrialist and professionals. 6. Conducted a one week course on Emerging Technologies for E-business in Singapore, from 4 9 the September 2000, which was attended by Managers, Managing Directors and IT specialists of over 40 private and government IT related companies in Singapore. 7. Conducted a one week course on Starting and managing Dot Com Business from 21st 28th of August 2000, which was attended by over 50 local and international organizations in Singapore. 8. Conducted a one week course on Engineering and business aspects of e-business , from 16 20 October 2000, for National Computer Systems (NCS), Singapore, a major Government linked IT organization, which was attended by 40 NCS IT managers. 9. Conducted one week course on e-business from 6-10 November 2000, which was attended by 32 organizations in Singapore. 10. Conducted 4 days short course on E-marketing for Acarsia, a large firm in Singapore in November 2001. 11. Conducted one week course on E-commerce , from 15-19 January 2002, in NTU, which was attended by 50 Technical and academic staff members. 12. Conducted one week course on Business strategies and emerging technologies for Internet based Business in April 2003, which was attended over 100 technical and administrative staff of NTU, Singapore. 13. Conducted a 4 day short course on Medical image processing in February 20004, which was attended by 50 technical, administrative and academic staff of higher educational institutes of Singapore. 14. Conducted a short course on Cyber Security in June 2005, which was attended by 50 participants from industry and educational institutes. 15. Conducted a short course on Information security for non academic staff in NTU from 3-7 July 2006. 16. Conducted a short course on Information Security Management in NTU from 23-27 April 2007. RESEARCH INTERESTS Medical Image Processing, Bioinformatics, Computer Vision, Real-Time systems, Computer Architecture, Parallel Processing, Microprocessors, Software Engineering, Network management, Digital Modelling and Simulation, Information Technology, E-commerce, m-commerce, E-marketing, E-business, E-security. REFERENCES DR Mohammed Atiquzzaman, Professor, School of Computer Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019-6151 Email: [email protected] Dr Abdus Sattar Chaudhry, Head of Division of Information Studies, Nanyang Technological University, 31 Nanyang Link, Singapore 637718. Email: [email protected] REFERRED PUBLICATIONS JOURNAL PAPERS 1. Fathy M and Siyal M Y, A real-time Image Processing Approach To Measure Traffic Queue Parameters , IEE Proceedings on Image, Vision and Signal Processing, UK, Vol. 142, No. 5, pp. 297-303, October 1995. 2. Fathy M and Siyal M Y, A window-based edge detection technique for measuring road traffic parameters in real-time , International Journal of Real-Time Imaging, Academic Press, UK, Vol. 1, pp. 297 - 305, 1995. 3. Fathy M and Siyal M Y, An image detection technique based on morphological edge detection and background differencing for real-time traffic analysis , Pattern Recognition Letters, Elsevier, The Netherlands, Vol. 16, pp. 1321 - 1330, 1995. 4. Fathy M and Siyal M Y, A Combined Edge Detection And Background Differencing Image Processing Approach For Real-Time Traffic Analysis , Australian Road and Transport Research Journal, Australia, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 114 -123, 1995. 5. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A real-time image processing approach for automatic traffic control and monitoring , IES Journal, Singapore, Vol. 35, PP. 50 55, Feb. 1995. 6. Siyal M Y, A New Background Updating and Threshold Selection Technique for Vision-Based Vehicle Detection Applications , The EEE Journal, Singapore, Vol. 7, Number 1, pp. 10 14, July 1995. 7. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, Triple RISC Image Processor for real-time image processing applications , IEE Electronic Letters, UK, Vol. 32, No. 24, pp. 2224 2225, November 1996. 8. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, Design and Simulation of a Multi-processor system for measuring road traffic parameters in real-time , IES Journal, Singapore, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 61 --67, January, 1996. 9. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A Novel Neural-Vision Based Approach For Real-Time Road Traffic Applications , IEE Electronic Letters, UK, Vol. 33, No. 11, PP. 969-970, May 1997. 10. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, Measuring Traffic movements using image processing techniques , Pattern Recognition Letters, Elsevier, The Netherlands, Volume 18/05, pp. 493-500, 1997. 11. Siyal M Y, "A window-based image processing technique for quantitative and qualitative analysis of road traffic parameters , IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, USA, Vol. 47, No. 4, PP. 1342 1349, November 1998. 12. Zhenquan He and Siyal M Y, Recognition of transformed English Letters with Modified higher-order neural networks , IEE Electronic Letters, UK, Vol. 34, No. 25, pp. 2415 2416, December 1998. 13. Zhenquan He and Siyal M Y, Improvement on Higher-order Neural Networks for Invariant Object recognition , Neural Processing Letters, Kulwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 49 55, August, 1999. 14. Siyal M Y, "A programmable Image processor for real-time image processing applications", Microprocessors and Microsystems, Elsevier Science, The Netherlands, Volume 23, No. 1, pp. 35 41, June 1999. 15. Siyal M Y, " Modelling and Simulation of a RISC processor using hardware simulation techniques , International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, USA, Volume 19, No. 3, pages 255-261, July, 1999. 16. Siyal M Y, " A Neural-Vision Based Approach To Measure Traffic Queue Parameters in Real-Time", Pattern Recognition letters, Elsevier Science, The Netherlands, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 761-770, August 1999. 17. Siyal M Y, Chowdhry B S, and Memon A R, Hardware Simulation of a Multi-Processor System for Measuring Road Traffic Parameters in Real-Time , MU Res. J. of Eng. & Tech, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp.133-140, April 1999. 18. Siyal M Y, Chowdhry B S, and A Q Rajput, A Vision-Based System Employing Key Region Processing Approach For Measuring Traffic Movements At Junctions , MU Res. J. of Eng. & Tech, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 177-182, July 1999. 19. Siyal M Y, Image Processing Techniques For Real-Time Qualitative Road Traffic Data Analysis", Real-Time Imaging, Academic Press, USA, Vol. 5, No.4, pp. 271-278, August 1999. 20. Toh Hann Wei, Siyal M Y and Hinny K P H, COBRA Event Services: Experiments with Cascaded Channel , IES Journal, Singapore, Vol. 39, No.1, pp. 43 49, 1999. 21. Hann Wei Toh, Siyal M Y and K P H Hinny, Revisiting Ownership Schemes from the Distributed Objects Paradigm EEE Research Journal, 1999. 22. Siyal M Y and Atiquzaman M, A Parallel Pipeline Based Multi-Processor System for Real Time Measurement of Road Traffic Parameters , Real-Time Imaging, Academic Press, USA, Vol. 6, No.3, pp. 241-249, June 2000. 23. Siyal M Y and M A Khan, Trust Services for effective E-commerce , EEE Research Journal, September 2000. 24. P. K. Janbandhu, M. Y. Siyal, Novel Biometric Digital Signatures for Internet based Applications , Information Management and Computer Security Journal, MCB University Press, UK, vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 205 212, 2001. 25. Siyal M Y, Chowdhry B S, and A Q Rajput, A New frame work for conducting business over the Internet , MU Res. J. of Eng. & Tech, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 107-114, April 2001. 26. Siyal M Y, Chowdhry, A new Image Processing Algorithm For vehicle Detection and Monitoring Applications , Journal of Engineering and Application Science, Vol. 20, N0. 2, pp. 130 135, July Sec 2001. 27. Siyal M Y, Chowdhry B S and A R Memon, Investigation of Vision Based Algorithms for E-commerce Security , MU Res. J of Eng & Tech, Vol. 20, No. 3, PP. 177 184, July 2001. 28. Siyal M Y and P K Janbandhu, Digital Signature generation using Biometrics , EEE Research Journal, September 2001. 29. Siyal M Y and Barkat B A Novel Trust Service Provider for Internet Based Commerce Applications , Internet Research Journal, MCB University Press, UK, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 55-65, 2002. 30. M Y Siyal and Chowdhry, Biometric-Based Security Techniques For Internet-Based Commerce Applications , MU Res. J of Eng & Tech, Vol. 21, No. 1, PP. 1 8, January 2003. 31. M Y Siyal and B S Chowdhry, A novel Finger-print based digital signature , MU Res. J of Eng & Tech, Vol. 21, No. 3, PP. 20 - 25, July 2003. 32. Siyal M Y and B S Chowdhry, Design and Development of a Biometric Based E-Security System for E-Applications , MU Res. J of Eng & Tech, Vol. 22, No. 1, PP. 65-72, August 2003. 33. Siyal M Y and B S Chowdhry, Architectural Design and Analysis of a Programmable Image Processor , MU Res. J of Eng & Tech, Vol. 22, No. 3, PP. 175-182, September 2003. 34. Siyal M Y and B S Chowdhry, An FPGA-Based System For Detecting And Monitoring Vehicles at Traffic Junctions , MU Res. J of Eng & Tech, Vol. 23, No. 11, PP. 33 39, November 2003. 35. Siyal MY and Lin Yu, A New Algorithm for Automatically Segmenting Brain MR Images , EEE Research Journal, September 2004. 36. Siyal M Y and Ahmed F, A Novel Approach for Private Key Generation using Password, Fingerprint and Smart Card , Information Management and Computer Security Journal, MCB University Press, UK, vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 39 54, 2005. 37. Siyal M Y and Lin YU, An intelligent modified fuzzy C-means based algorithm for bias field estimation and segmentation of MR images , Pattern Recognition letters, Elsevier, The Netherlands, Volume 26, Issue 13 , 1 October 2005, Pages 2052-2062. 38. J Ahmed and Siyal M Y, A robust secure speech communication system using ITU-T G.723.1 and TMS320C6711 DSP , Microprocessor and Microsystems, Elsevier, The Netherlands, Volume 30, Issue 1 , 1 February 2006, Pages 26-32 39. Siyal MY Socio-Economic Factors and Their Influence on the Adoption of E-Commerce by Consumers in Singapore , International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, World Scientific Vol. 5, No. 2 (2006) 317 329. 40. K R Dayo and M Y Siyal Investigating the synthesis algorithms for area and delay optimization in FPGA design , IEEE Horizon Journal, November 2006. 41. F Ahmed and Siyal M Y A secure watermarking scheme for buyer-seller identification and copyright protection , EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing, pp. 1-15, September 2006. 42. Siyal M Y and Lin Yu A novel algorithm for segmentation of brain MR images , IEEP Horizons journal, pp. 28-35, December 2006. 43. Siyal M Y and J Ahmed Transform domain and DSP Based Secure Speech Communication System , Microprocessor and Microsystems, Elsevier, The Netherlands Vol. 31 (2007) 335 346. 44. Siyal M Y and Lin Yu An Modified Fuzzy Clustering Algorithm for Segmentation of Multi-channel MRI data , Patter recognition letters, Elsevier, to appear in May 2008. 45. Siyal M Y and S M Monir, Adaptive smoothing of functional magnetic resonance images using correlation among the voxels time-courses , to appear in IET electronic letters, UK, July 2008. 46. Siyal M Y and S M Monir, Denoising Functional MR Imaging Data Using Adaptive Spatial Smoothing , accepted for a Special issue, Journal of VLSI Signal Processing Systems, USA, 2008. CONFERENCES PAPERS 1. Fathy M, Siyal M Y and Darkin C G, "A Low-cost Approach to Real-Time Morphological Edge Detection", Proceedings of IEEE TENCON Conference, Singapore, 1994. 2. Siyal M Y, Fathy M and Darkin C G, " Image Processing Algorithms for Detecting Moving Objects", Proceedings of ICARVC 94, vol. 3, 1994, pp. 1719-1723. 3. Siyal M Y, Fathy M and Darkin C G, "Performance Evaluation of a Multiprocessor system using Hardware Simulation System", Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences (ISCSI IX), Antalya, Turkey, 1994, pp. 818-825. 4. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, Design and simulation of a Multi-microprocessor system for a vision-based road traffic system , Proceedings of IASTED International conference on Modelling and Simulation, 26 April - 29th April 1995, Pittsburgh, USA, pp. 475 - 478. 5. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, Real-time measurement of traffic queue parameters by using image processing techniques , Proceedings of IEE Conference on Image Processing and its Applications (IPA 95), Edinburgh, UK, 1995. 6. Mirza M and Siyal M Y, EPS: A Parallel execution environment , Proceedings of IEEE SICON/ICIE 95, Vol. 1, pp. 199-203, 1995. 7. Fathy M and Siyal M Y, A RISC-type image processor for real-time image processing applications , Proceedings of IEEE SICSPCS 95 Vol. 2, pp. 61-65, 1995. 8. Khuwaja G and Siyal M Y, Computation of Reed-Mueller expressions from Boolean functions , Proceedings of IEEE SICSPCS 95 conference, vol. 1, pp. 284-287, 1995. 9. Khuwaja G and Siyal M Y, Simplification for Mudulo-2 sum-of-products forms based on extended function vector , Proceedings of IEEE conference on Signal, circuits and systems, pp. 129-133, 1995. 10. Fathy M and Siyal M Y, Image processing applications in traffic scene analysis , Proceedings of IEEE conference on intelligent control and instrumentation, Singapore, 1995. 11. Atiquzzaman M, Hartely M G and Siyal M Y, A novel Multiprocessor Architecture for low-level Image Processing Applied to Road-Traffic Data Capture and Analysis , Proceedings of ACCV 95, Vol. 3, pp. 504 - 508, 1995. 12. Siyal M Y and Dai Fanyo Efficient binary noise removing Algorithms , Proceedings of ACCV 95, Vol. 2, pp. 122 - 126, 1995. 13. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, Modelling And Simulation Of A Programmable Image Processor Using Hardware Simulation Systems , International IASTED Conference on Modelling and Simulation, Pittsburgh, USA, 14-17 of May 1997. 14. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A Window-based Image Processing Approach for Measuring Traffic Movements at Junctions , IEE IPA 97 conference, Dublin, Ireland, 1997. 15. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A novel edge detection technique for detecting moving objects , International ISMA 97, Vol. 3185, PP. 105 109, Singapore, June 1997 16. Siyal M Y and Fathy M A Novel image processor for measuring road traffic parameters in real-time , IASTED International conference on Modelling, Simulation and optimization, Singapore, 11 - 14 August, Singapore, 1997. 17. Siyal M Y and Chua Hock Chuan, "Comparison and performance evaluation of edge detection techniques for road traffic applications", Proceedings of International Conference TNM'98, 9-11 September Singapore, 1998. 18. M Y Siyal "A High Performance Multiprocessor System for Vision-Based Road Traffic Applications", Proceedings of International Conference HPCA'98, Singapore, 22-25 September 1998. 19. Siyal M Y and Zhengquan He, " Edge Detection with BP Neural Networks", Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP 98), Beijing, China, 12-26 October 1998. 20. Zhengquan He and Siyal M Y, "Modification on Higher-order Neural Networks", Proceedings of International conference on Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering (ANNIE 98), Missouri, USA, 1-4 November 1998. 21. Zhengquan He, Siyal M Y and Chua Hock Chuan " Invariant Object Recognition with Higher-order Neural Networks (HONNs)", Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Control, automation, Robotics and Vision (ICARCV 98), Singapore, 8 -11, December 1998. 22. Hock Chuan Chua, Yu Chen and Siyal M Y, "A Content-based MPEG Video Parser for Video Scene Analysis", Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Control, automation, Robotics and Vision (ICARCV 98), Singapore, 8 -11 December 1998. 23. Siyal M Y and Hock Chuan Chua, " A Novel Approach to Vision-Based Road Traffic Analysis", Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Control, automation, Robotics and Vision (ICARCV 98), Singapore, Dec. 8 -11, 1998. 24. M Y Siyal "A novel approach for qualitative road traffic analysis", Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Control, automation, Robotics and Vision (ICARCV 98), Singapore, Dec. 8 -11, 1998. 25. See Yong Kian, Babri A and Siyal M Y, "Supervised Learning Algorithms for Neural Networks", Proceedings of Second NURP Congress, Singapore, 1998. 26. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A Window-Based Image Processing Approach for Real-Time Road Traffic Analysis , proceedings of IEE IPA 99 conference, July 12-14, Manchester, UK, 1999. 27. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A Multi-Processor System For Vision-Based Vehicle Detection And Monitoring Applications , Proceedings of ROVPIA 99, July 16-18, Malaysia 1999. 28. Hann Wei Toh, Siyal M Y and K P H Hinny , Design of a Heterogeneous DSM System with Distributed Object , International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications (PDPTA 99), Monte Carlo Resort, Los Vegas, Nevada USA. June 28-July 1 1999. 29. Hann Wei Toh, Siyal M Y and K P H Hinny, Reducing read, write latencies in distributed objects through replication and caching , International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis (ISAS 99) Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications (PDPTA99), USA, July 31- August 04 1999. 30. Zhang Chunrui and Siyal M Y. New Segmentation technique for vehicle classification , International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis (ISAS 99) Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications (PDPTA99), USA, July 31- August 04 1999. 31. Siyal M Y A Modular FPGA-Based System for Vision-Based Road Traffic Applications , ISIC 99, 8 10 September, Singapore 1999. 32. Khan M A and Siyal M Y, A COBRA based Framework for Trusted E-commerce Transactions , Proceedings of EDOC 99 Conference, Germany, September 1999. 33. Khan M A and Siyal M Y, How to Provide Confidence in E-Commerce Transactions? 3rd Annual IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering and Applications October 6-8, 1999 - Scottsdale, Arizona, USA, 1999. 34. Siyal M Y, A RISC Based Array processor system for vision-based road traffic applications , proceedings of ICICS 99, Singapore, 7 10 December 1999. 35. Hann Wei Toh, Siyal M Y and K P H Hinny, A Distributed Object Implementation of the Dynamic Distributed Manager Ownership Scheme in Distributed Shared Memories , proceedings of ICICS 99, Singapore, 7 10 December 1999. 36. Siyal M Y and Zhnag Chunrui, A New Method for Segmentation of Moving Vehicles to appear in proceedings of ICICS 99, Singapore, 7 10 December 1999 37. Khan M A and Siyal M Y, Trust service provider for Internet Commerce , Proceedings of 3rd annual CollECTeR conference on e-commerce, Wellington, New Zealand, November 1999. 38. Khan M A and Siyal MY, Boosting People s confidence in Electronic Commerce , Proceedings of 5th Computer Integrated Manufacturing, March 28-30, Singapore, 2000 39. Siyal M Y and Zhang Chunrui, A new segmentation technique for classification of moving vehicles , Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Vehicular Technology, Spring-2000, Tokyo, Japan, May 2000 40. Siyal M Y, A Neural Network Based System For Monitoring Vehicle Movements At Traffic Junctions , Proceedings of ICACV2000, Singapore, 2000. 41. Siyal M Y and N Ahmed, A multiprocessor System for vision-based Vehicle Detection and monitoring applications , IASTED International conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing Systems 2000 (PDCS 2000), November 6-9, Las Vegas, USA, 2000. 42. Siyal M Y and N Ahmed, A novel RISC-based Array processor System for road traffic applications , IASTED International conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing Systems 2000 (PDCS 2000), November 6-9, Las Vegas, USA, 2000. 43. Siyal M Y and A Khan, Trust Service Provider for Internet Commerce , International ICICM 2000 conference, Singapore. 44. Siyal M Y and Chowdhry B S, A New Frame Work For Conducting Business Over The Internet , IEEE NMIM 2000 conference, Karachi, Pakistan December 2000. 45. Siyal M Y and Chowdhry B S, Performance Evaluation Of A Multiprocessor System Using Hardware Simulation Systems , in proceedings of IASTED International conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing Systems 2001 (PDCS 2001), USA, August, 2001. 46. P. K. Janbandhu, M. Y. Siyal, Can biometric Signature s commute Digital Signatures? , Proceedings of MIV2001 Conference, Malta, 1-6 September, 2001. 47. P. K. Janbandhu, M. Y. Siyal, Biometric Signature: Digital Signature Scheme using Biometric Encryption , Proceedings of ICICS 2001 Conference, Singapore, October 2001. 48. F. Sattar, M. Y. Siyal, L. C. Wee, and L. C. Yen, Blind Source Separation of Audio Signals Using Improved ICA Method Proceedings of 11th IEEE Statistical Signal Processing Workshop, 6 -- 8 August.2001, Singapore. 49. Siyal MY and Hayat L, A Network Linked Embedded Video System for Image and Graphics Applications , Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2001, December 2001. 50. Siyal M Y and Hayat L, A Novel Morphological Edge Detector for Quantative Road Traffic Analysis , Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2001, conference, December 2001. 51. Siyal M Y and Hayat L, Novel Algorithms For Removing Noise From Images , Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2001 conference, December 2001. 52. B. Barkat and M.Y. Siyal, "Accurate IF Estimation of FM Signals and Its Application in FSK Modulation in a Flat Fading Channel." Proceedings of IEEE Inter. Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, Cairo, Egypt, pp.7-10, Dec. 28-30, 2001. 53. Siyal M Y and Barkat B, A Low-Cost Vision Based System for Road Traffic Monitoring, Control and Management , Proceedings of ASCC2002, September 25 27, Singapore 2002. 54. Siyal M Y and Barkat B, A New Biometric Digital Signature for Electronic Commerce Applications , Proceedings of IEEE ISSPIT 2002, December 2002. 55. Siyal M Y and Barkat B, A Novel Framework for Business to Consumer E-Commerce , Proceedings of IEEE ISSPIT 2002, December 2002. 56. Siyal M Y, A Neural Vision Based Approach for Intelligent Transportation , Proceedings of IEEE ICIT 02, Thailand, December 2002. 57. Siyal M Y, A Novel Multi-Processor System for Road Traffic Applications , Proceedings of IEEE ICIT 02, Thailand, December 2002. 58. B. Barkat and M.Y. Siyal, "An Effective Technique for the IF Estimation of FM Signals in Heavy-Tailed Noise", proceedings of IEEE ISSPIT 2002, December 2002. 59. Siyal M Y, A Biometric Based E-Security System for Internet-Based Applications , Proceedings of 2003 WSEAS conference on E-activities, Singapore December 2003. 60. Siyal M Y, A Novel Framework for Business to Consumer E-Commerce , Proceedings of 2003 WSEAS conference on E-activities, Singapore December 2003. 61. Siyal M Y, A Window-Based Image Processing System for Intelligent Transportation System , Proceedings of 2003 WSEAS conference on Electronics, Control and Signal Processing December 2003. 62. M Y Siyal, A Novel Image Processing Approach for Qualitative Road Traffic Data Analysis , Proceedings of 2003 WSEAS conference on Electronics, Control and Signal Processing December 2003. 63. Gurdeep Singh and Siyal M Y, Biometric-Based Security Techniques For Internet-Based Commerce Applications , Proceedings of NUROP congress 2003. 64. Siyal M Y and Ahmed F A Novel Approach for Generating Digital Signature using Fingerprint, Password and Smart Card , Proceedings of IEEE IT workshop, December 2003. 65. Siyal M Y, An intelligent Image processing approach for qualitative road traffic analysis , Proceedings of the 4th International workshop on ITS Telecommunications, July 8-9, 2004, Singapore. 66. Gani A, Siyal M Y and Babri H, Clustering Countries in Cross-Cultural Management Research: A Comparative Analysis of Neural Network Models with Traditional Statistical Approaches , Proceedings of 2004 AIB Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004. 67. Siyal M Y, A Novel Neural-Vision Based Approach for Real-Time Road Traffic Control and Management , Proceedings of CIMCA'2004 conference, Gold Coast, Australia, July 2004. 68. Siyal M Y and Ahmed F, A Secure Biometric-Based Digital Signature Scheme for E-Commerce Applications Proceedings of IAWTIC'2004 conference, Gold Coast, Australia July 2004. 69. Siyal M Y, A Novel Image Processing Based Approach for Real-Time Road Traffic Applications Proceedings of IEEE Tencon conference, Thailand, November 2004. 70. Siyal M Y and Ahmed F, A Biometric-Based Scheme for Enhancing Security of Cryptographic Keys , proceedings of IEEE Tencon conference, Thailand, November 2004. 71. Samvita R P and Siyal M Y, Biometric-based Security Techniques for Internet-based Commerce Applicatrions , proceedings of the 10th National UROP Congress 2004. 72. B S Chowdhry, and M Y Siyal, A CORBA Based Approach for Conducting Trusted E-Commerce Transactions , Proceedings of WEC2004 conference, Shanghai China, November 2004. 73. Siyal M Y and J Ahmed, A Novel Morphological Edge Detection and Window Based Approach for Real-Time Road Traffic Control and Management , Proceedings of ICICS2005 conference, 6-9 December, 2005, Bangkok Thailand 74. F Ahmed and Siyal M Y, A Secure and Robust Hashing Scheme for Image Authentication , Proceedings of ICICS2005 conference, 6-9 December, 2005, Bangkok, Thailand. 75. Siyal M Y, An Image Processing Based Approach for Real-Time Road Traffic Applications , Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2005 conference, 23-25 December 2005, Karachi, Pakistan. 76. Siyal M Y and F Ahmed, A Hybrid-Watermarking Scheme for Asymmetric and Symmetric Watermark Extraction , Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2005 conference, 23-25 December 2005, Karachi Pakistan. 77. Siyal M Y and Lin Yu, A Novel Algorithm for Segmentation of Brain MR Images , Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2005 conference, 23-25 December 2005, Karachi, Pakistan. 78. J Ahmed and Sial M Y, A Novel Real-time Secure Speech Communication System Proceedings of IEEE INMIC 2005 conference, 23-25 December 2005, Karachi, Pakistan. 79. Siyal M Y and F Ahmed, A Secure and Robust DCT-Based Hashing Scheme for Image Authentication proceedings of IEEE ICCS2006 conference, November 2006, Singapore. 80. Siyal M Y, The Adoption of E-Commerce by Overseas Sindhis: An Empirical Study , proceedings of IEEE IIT2006, November 2006, Dubai. 81. Siyal M Y, A Novel Morphological Edge Detector Based Approach for Monitoring Vehicles at Traffic Junctions , proceedings of IEEE IIT2006, November 2006, Dubai. 82. Siyal M Y and Ahmed F A Novel Hashing Scheme for Image Authentication , proceedings of IEEE IIT2006, November 2006, Dubai. 83. Siyal M Y and F Ahmed, A Secure and Robust Wavelet-Based Hashing Scheme for Image Authentication, proceedings of IEEE MMM 2007 conference, January 2007, Singapore. 84. F Ahmed and M Y Siyal, A Robust and Secure Signature Scheme for Video Authentication , Proceedings of IEEE ICME'07 conference, 2-5 July 2007, Beijing China. 85. F Ahmed, M Y Siyal, Image Authentication using Soft Hashing Technique , Proceedings of ICICS07 conference, 10-13 December 2007, Singapore. 86. H Ali, J Ahmed and M Y Siyal, Delay Computation for Real-Time Synchronization of Speech and its Converted Text , Proceedings of ICICS07 conference, 10-13 December 2007, Singapore. 87. M Y Siyal and S M Monir, An Adaptive Smoothing Technique for Random Noise Suppression in fMRI Data , Proceedings of ICICS07 conference, 10-13 December 2007, Singapore. BOOKS/BOOK CHAPTERS 1. Siyal M Y and Fathy M, A low-cost Vision Based System for Road Traffic Monitoring, Control and Management. IIES Handbook 94/95, Singapore, 1995. 2. Pawan K. Janbandhu and M. Y. Siyal, "Modified Private Key Generation for Biometric Signatures," in Advances in Automation, Multimedia and Video Systems, and Modern Computer Science, WSES Press, 2001, pp. 314-319. 3. Siyal M Y and Ahmed F Security Services and Issues in Wireless Local Area Networks a Handbook of Wireless LAN, CRS Press, USA, 2005, pp. 341-368. 4. Siyal M Y and Chan C C The Intel Microprocessors: Design, Interfacing and programming , First Edition Prentice-Hall August 2006 (246 pages). 5. Siyal M Y and Chan C C The Intel Microprocessors: Design, Interfacing and programming , Second Edition Prentice-Hall August 2007 (320 pages). 6. Siyal M Y and F Ahmed, A secure and Robust Wavelet-based hashing schemes for image authentication , T J Cham et al (Eds.), LNCS 4352, Part II, pp. 51-62, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007. 7. Siyal M Y Information Security , to be published in August 2008 by Prentice-Hall (360 pages).