A well-respected authority on pain management theory and practice, Dr. Todd E. Lininger currently serves as the Medical Director for Pain Care Associates in Bloomfield Township, Michigan. In addition to his work in private practice, Dr. Todd E. Lininger serves on the staff at St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, the Detroit Medical Center (DMC), and the North Oakland Medical Center. In his capacity at Pain Care Associates, Dr. Todd E. Lininger leads a team of five medical professionals specializing in the growing field of pain management. The mission of the practice, co-founded by Dr. Todd E. Lininger in 2001, is to relieve suffering, improve function, and allow patients to move forward with their lives in ways such as returning to work or pursuing more active lifestyles. Among the many therapeutic treatments recommended by Dr. Todd E. Lininger is spinal cord stimulation. This remedy involves an implantable device that changes the patient’s perception of pain to bring relief. Another method of pain management refined by Dr. Todd E. Lininger is intraspinal treatment, in which medication is delivered directly into the spinal cord. In the spinal fluid, this medication blocks pain impulses and stops the brain from recognizing them. Dr. Todd E. Lininger has completed numerous studies on intraspinal treatment in patients with cancer and chronic pain. Pain Care Associates is also considered expert in the area of radiofrequency ablation. In this procedure, nerves radiating pain are heated to block their messages to the brain, using a needle and an electrode. In addition to these innovative pain management techniques, Dr. Todd E. Lininger is well versed in the state-of-the-art treatments involving medication, behavioral counseling, nerve block injections, acupuncture, and physical therapy.